Government official serving under Sir Robert Hart (1835-1911) in the Imperial Customs Service of China. Occupied a number of official positions under Hart including Commissioner of Customs, Lappa, c 1898. He went on to become the first Postmaster General of the Imperial Chinese Post Office when this was formed as a separate entity from the Customs Service in 1911. He held this position until his retirement from office in 1915.
Commissioner of Customs, CIMCS; Postmaster General of the Imperial Chinese Post Office