Barnet (“Barney”) Lee Rosset was born in Chicago in 1922. He attended Swarthmore College, University of California, Los Angeles, and the New School. Although he had no background in publishing, he acquired the nearly defunct Grove Press in 1951. During his tenure at Grove, the publishing house was pivotal in the introduction and publication of avant-garde writers. Rosset was the first to publish Samuel Beckett’s <em>Waiting for Godot</em> in the United States in 1954, and later published the works of Absurdist playwrights Eugène Ionesco and Jean Genet. Under Rosset, Grove also published <em>The Autobiography of Malcolm X</em>,<em> Lady Chatterley’s Lover </em>by D.H. Lawrence, and Henry Miller’s <em>Tropic of Cancer</em>.