Lady Lillian Spender (nee Dean), b.1880, was the youngest of five daughters of a comfortably placed London merchant. Her first diary starts in 1898 when she was living at Lancaster Gate in London. She married Wilfrid Spender, an officer in the General Staff, in 1913 and accompanied him to Belfast after he had to resign his commission because he signed the Ulster Covenant without permission. As administrator of the UVF, he masterminded gun-running at Larne and elsewhere, and subsequently became a top civil servant in the province. Lady Spender had one daughter in 1923.