Caledon Papers

The Caledon Papers are divided into three categories: the Caledon East India Company Papers; the Caledon Cape Papers; and the Caledon Estate Papers.

The Indian papers consist of 33 volumes of copy out-letter books, 1760-1772, ledgers, journals and cash account books, 1759-1775, and c.40 loose letters and papers, 1772-1800 of James Alexander, 1st Earl of Caledon, second son of Nathaniel Alexander of Londonderry, and founder of the Caledon Family in Ulster. He spent most of his working years in India rising through the ranks of the East India Company and amassed a sufficient fortune to buy 9,000 acres in Ulster.

The Caledon Cape Papers relate to the 2nd Earl of Caledon as Governor of the Cape of Good Hope, 1807-11, and constitute a record of his administration, naval and military activity etc.; letters from correspondents on a number of subjects including the slave trade and trading links with New South Wales; correspondence relating to the Tyrone Militia; estate and financial papers; and political correspondence relating to affairs in the rotten borough of Old Salem which he had bought in 1802.

The Estate Papers consist of the estate, business, family and political papers of the Caledon/Alexander family relating to properties at Caledon in Counties Tyrone and Armagh, Boom Hall outside Derry, the Churchland Estate in Moville, Co. Donegal, a fee simple estate near Ballycastle, Co. Antrim and the Derg estate at Castlederg, Co. Tyrone. The Caledon family took an active interest in the management of their estates, the 2nd and 3rd Earls making extensive improvements to Caledon village, erecting Caledon flour mills, giving financial support to the poor of Caledon and to schools on the estate, and improving their property by draining, liming, etc. In addition, large sums of money were spent improving and extending the 'big house' at Caledon (variously known as Caledon House, Caledon Hill and Caledon Castle), and on laying out the richly ornamental demesne and gardens of over 600 acres. The collection includes title deeds, leases, Irish Land Commission papers, accounts, rentals, surveys and valuations, maps and plans; minutes etc. of the Irish Distress Committee 1831-35 which the 2nd Earl chaired.


Of interest to students of imperial and trading history, and the development of the Caledon estate in Co. Tyrone.

Physical characteristics

c. 600 volumes and c.17,500 documents occupying c.350 PRONI boxes.

Description or Catalogue

See PRONI reference D/2431, D/2432, D/2433 for catalogues of the papers. The catalogues are available for consultation in PRONI's Public Search Room.

See also for an introduction to the collection.


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Added by PRONI | Last updated on: 25 August 2018